Bali’s Outstanding Subak Rice Irrigation System

The Fields which make up this area are inseparable from the conventional Subak irrigation system – a traditional strategy preserved for hundreds of years and passed down through the generations. This is neighborhood wisdom at its best. Indeed, Bali is blessed with 150 rivers and streams that provide water all year round to irrigate this essential staple. Nevertheless, Subak Rice Irrigation Systemfields wouldn’t be fruitful if a man also has a hand in it. Uniquely, Bali’s complex irrigation system has its roots not by order of kings, but its direction is quite much in the hands of villagers through the village cooperatives.

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As farmers depend on the successful irrigation of the fields, the various Subaks form an inextricable link that combines into a single system. In the lowest level, each farmer is a member of a subak, whose rice fields are fed from a single dam. Its members elect the head of the Subak, known as the Klian Subak. At the larger Subak which are supplied by a channel, the lowest level is known as the tempek. The Subaks, in turn, are connected to the mountain temples or Pura Masceti, that come under the influence of one of 2 Lake temples, these are the Pura Batu Kau which overlooks irrigation in western Bali and Pura Ulun Danu on Lake Beratan, which overlooks the north, east and south of Bali.

Water temples hold festivals every 105 days, corresponding with the 105 days rice growing season in Bali. This cycle also determines the time of closing and opening of canal sluices, making sure that plantings are staggered, and that water has been allocated in the most effective and equitable method. The goddess of Rice is known as Bhatari or Dewi Sri, the mother of Rice. As the Indonesian archipelago’s staple food, Dewi Sri isn’t just revered in Bali, but additionally on Java along with other rice producing islands. By mixing traditional sacred values with an extremely Organized system, consequently, the Subak, the distinctive Balinese rice farming civilization is a manifestation of the Balinese Tri Hita Karana’s cosmological doctrine. It’s the real reflection of the first Balinese ideas and beliefs which are rooted in this concept, namely the consciousness that human beings must always maintain a harmonious relationship between Man and God, Man and fellow humans, and between Nature and Man in one’s life. Such particular concept is Evident from the Balinese creative genius and distinctive cultural traditions resulting from the great human interaction, particularly between the Balinese and the Roman civilization. Whether for agriculture, heritage or nature, Jatiluwih along with other rice fields in Bali remain significant sites which should be preserved and have to stay sustainable for future generations.

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